The use of marble in making different artworks, including different statues, is not something unheard of as the traces of marble take us back to ancient Greece and Egypt. Since the first time marbles were used in art pieces, marble artworks became tremendously popular in ancient and contemporary art, occupying a dominant position in many major art movements, and are among the most commonly used materials in the world.
Let's look at the history of marble statues, where it all started and transformed into the iconic medium of art that we know today.
In the initial years of ancient Greece, the artists drove their attention to marble and started to use it as a medium to built different types of statues. Due to the limitation and lack of understanding of the material, they could not gain the look and feel of naturalism. Still, this era kept the primary foundation which later made them advance in this field and yet started to adapt the modern methods resulting in excellent attention to detail in the coming years.
In the golden period of ancient Greece between 500 BCE to 323 BCE, the marble statues saw their boom, with the artists taking immense interest in the expression of naturalism. It's not wrong to say that the foundations of the modern-day statues were laid back in the ancient Greek culture, where the artists introduced new ways of working with a piece of marble and transforming it into iconic statues and art pieces. The Greek artists took the chance and competently shaped stunning independent figures and reliefs, displaying exceptional attention to detail and anatomical attributes.
In ancient Egypt, the artists opted for various materials to work with, and marble was one of the key components of the statues that they built. Marble quickly evolved in Egypt, and the skillful artists used it religiously to craft the life-sized statues of pharaohs, gods, and guardians for temples and tombs. Ancient Egypt's traces indicate that the reliance and brilliance that Egyptian craftsmen enjoyed with the marble gave them a clear edge over the other artists of that time.
In Italy, the artists used marble statues to create the replicas of Greek attempts and gained immense popularity. The Roman sculptors established their footprints in two types of marble sculptures: portraits or busts. In the time of the Republican Era, Rome's artists shifted their approach from copying the Greek classic to creating life-size marble figures of various public and political figures. The modernized approach took the Roman sculpture dynamics by storm, and these artworks gained popularity due to the impressively naturalistic appearance and effortless attention to detail. The Roman attempt on marble statues maintains its significance and has affected the present-day basics of this art field.
The Renaissance period had proven to be a defining era not only for all known art forms but the field of sculpturing as well. In this era, artists went back to the classical methods of sculpturing and excessively used marble in the formation of several iconic statues all over the world. The Renaissance had a greater impact on the use of statues and sculptures in the premise of various churches in Venice, Rome, and other parts of Europe. The traces of the Renaissance can still be witnessed at various preserved religious monuments.